2021 Vol. 12, No. 7
Activation of the heart normally begins in the sinoatrial node (SAN). Electrical impulses spontaneously released by SAN pacemaker cells (SANPCs) trigger the contraction of the heart. However, the cellular nature of SANPCs remains controversial. The work of Chen et al. suggests that SANPCs share dominant biological properties with glutamatergic neurons, and the glutamatergic neurotransmitter system may act as an intrinsic regulation module of heart rhythm, which provides a potential intervention target for pacemaker cell-associated arrhythmias.