Volume 1 Issue 10
Oct.  2010
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Daming Gao, Lixin Wan, Wenyi Wei. Phosphorylation of Rictor at Thr1135 impairs the Rictor/Cullin-1 complex to ubiquitinate SGK1[J]. Protein&Cell, 2010, 1(10): 881-885. doi: 10.1007/s13238-010-0123-x
Citation: Daming Gao, Lixin Wan, Wenyi Wei. Phosphorylation of Rictor at Thr1135 impairs the Rictor/Cullin-1 complex to ubiquitinate SGK1[J]. Protein&Cell, 2010, 1(10): 881-885. doi: 10.1007/s13238-010-0123-x

Phosphorylation of Rictor at Thr1135 impairs the Rictor/Cullin-1 complex to ubiquitinate SGK1

doi: 10.1007/s13238-010-0123-x
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This work was supported in part by the DOD Prostate New Investigator award to W.W., and NIH grant GM089763 to W.W.

  • The Rictor/mTOR complex plays a pivotal role in a variety of cellular functions including cellular metabolism, cell proliferation and survival by phosphorylating Akt at Ser473 to fully activate the Akt kinase. However, its upstream regulatory pathways as well as whether it has additional function(s) remain largely unknown. We recently reported that Rictor contains a novel ubiquitin E3 ligase activity by forming a novel complex with Cullin-1, but not with other Cullin family members. Furthermore, we identified SGK1 as its downstream target. Interestingly, Rictor, but not Raptor or mTOR, promotes SGK1 ubiquitination. As a result, SGK1 expression is elevated in Rictor-/- MEFs. We further defined that as a feedback mechanism, Rictor can be phosphorylated by multiple AGC family kinases including Akt, S6K and SGK1. Phosphorylation of Rictor at the Thr1135 site did not affect its kinase activity towards phosphorylating its conventional substrates including Akt and SGK1. On the other hand, it disrupted the interaction between Rictor and Cullin-1. Consequently, T1135E Rictor was defective in promoting SGK1 ubiquitination and destruction. This finding further expands our knowledge of Rictor's function. Furthermore, our work also illustrates that Rictor E3 ligase activity could be governed by specific signaling kinase cascades, and that misregulation of this process might contribute to SGK overexpression which is frequently observed in various types of cancers.
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