Volume 5 Issue 3
Mar.  2014
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Xiao-Xi Guo, Yang Li, Chao Sun, Dan Jiang, Ying-Jia Lin, Feng-Xie Jin, Seung-Ki Lee, Ying-Hua Jin. p53-dependent Fas expression is critical for Ginsenoside Rh2 triggered caspase-8 activation in HeLa cells[J]. Protein&Cell, 2014, 5(3): 224-234. doi: 10.1007/s13238-014-0027-2
Citation: Xiao-Xi Guo, Yang Li, Chao Sun, Dan Jiang, Ying-Jia Lin, Feng-Xie Jin, Seung-Ki Lee, Ying-Hua Jin. p53-dependent Fas expression is critical for Ginsenoside Rh2 triggered caspase-8 activation in HeLa cells[J]. Protein&Cell, 2014, 5(3): 224-234. doi: 10.1007/s13238-014-0027-2

p53-dependent Fas expression is critical for Ginsenoside Rh2 triggered caspase-8 activation in HeLa cells

doi: 10.1007/s13238-014-0027-2
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This work was supported by grants from the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31240078 and 31070670).

  • Received Date: 2013-12-13
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-01-12
  • We have recently reported that Ginsenoside Rh2 (GRh2) induces the activation of two initiator caspases, caspase-8 and caspase-9 in human cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanism of its death-inducing function remains unclear. Here we show that G-Rh2 stimulated the activation of both caspase-8 and caspase-9 simultaneously in HeLa cells. Under G-Rh2 treatment, membrane death receptors Fas and TNFR1 are remarkably upregulated. However, the induced expression of Fas but not TNFR1 was contributed to the apoptosis process. Moreover, significant increases in Fas expression and caspase-8 activity temporally coincided with an increase in p53 expression in p53-nonmutated HeLa and SK-HEP-1 cells upon G-Rh2 treatment. In contrast, Fas expression and caspase-8 activity remained constant with G-Rh2 treatment in p53-mutated SW480 and PC-3 cells. In addition, siRNA-mediated knockdown of p53 diminished G-Rh2-induced Fas expression and caspase-8 activation. These results indicated that G-Rh2-triggered extrinsic apoptosis relies on p53-mediated Fas over-expression. In the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, G-Rh2 induced strong and immediate translocation of cytosolic BAK and BAX to the mitochondria, mitochondrial cytochrome c release, and subsequent caspase-9 activation both in HeLa and in SW480 cells. p53-mediated Fas expression and subsequent downstream caspase-8 activation as well as p53-independent caspase-9 activation all contribute to the activation of the downstream effector caspase-3/-7, leading to tumor cell death. Taken together, we suggest that G-Rh2 induces cancer cell apoptosis in a multi-path manner and is therefore a promising candidate for antitumor drug development.
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