Volume 6 Issue 8
Aug.  2015
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Chenxia Hu, Lanjuan Li. In vitro culture of isolated primary hepatocytes and stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells for liver regeneration[J]. Protein&Cell, 2015, 6(8): 562-574. doi: 10.1007/s13238-015-0180-2
Citation: Chenxia Hu, Lanjuan Li. In vitro culture of isolated primary hepatocytes and stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells for liver regeneration[J]. Protein&Cell, 2015, 6(8): 562-574. doi: 10.1007/s13238-015-0180-2

In vitro culture of isolated primary hepatocytes and stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells for liver regeneration

doi: 10.1007/s13238-015-0180-2
  • Received Date: 2015-04-21
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-05-25
  • Various liver diseases result in terminal hepatic failure, and liver transplantation, cell transplantation and artificial liver support systems are emerging as effective therapies for severe hepatic disease. However, all of these treatments are limited by organ or cell resources, so developing a sufficient number of functional hepatocytes for liver regeneration is a priority. Liver regeneration is a complex process regulated by growth factors (GFs), cytokines, transcription factors (TFs), hormones, oxidative stress products, metabolic networks, and microRNA. It is well-known that the function of isolated primary hepatocytes is hard to maintain; when cultured in vitro, these cells readily undergo dedifferentiation, causing them to lose hepatocyte function. For this reason, most studies focus on inducing stem cells, such as embryonic stem cells (ESCs), induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs), and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) in vitro. In this review, we mainly focus on the nature of the liver regeneration process and discuss how to maintain andenhance in vitrohepatic functionof isolated primary hepatocytes or stem cell-derived HLCs for liver regeneration. In this way, hepatocytes or HLCs may be applied for clinical use for the treatment of terminal liver diseases and may prolong the survival time of patients in the near future.
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